A comparative study of cell block and cytological smears in FNAC of intra-abdominal lesions

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v12i1.33054

Keywords:

Cellblock; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Metastatic adenocarcinoma;

Abstract

Background: Cell blocks are micro biopsies and are complimentary to cytology smears and give a = more accurate diagnosis. This study aimed to study cell block as an adjunct for FNAC smears in intra- abdominal lesions, and to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the cell block with FNACs of intra- abdominal lesions.

Materials and Methods: This study was done for three years. FNAC of the intra- abdominal lesions were done and smears were prepared for routine staining (HE, PAP, and MGG), the rest of the material was submitted in 60% ethanol for cell block preparation.

Results: FNACs were done in 102 cases, cell blocks were obtained in 95 cases, and histopathological correlation in 87 cases. The maximum number of cases was between 51-60 years age group. The liver was the most common organ involved with 22 cases(21.56%). Nonneoplastic cases were 17, neoplastic was 85. Statistical analysis was done for benign and malignant cases. Histopathological correlations were available in 71 neoplastic cases. The sensitivity, specificity PPV, NPV, and diagnostic accuracy of combined FNACs and Cell blocks were 98.27%, 100%, 100%, 92.85%, and 98.59% respectively.

Conclusions: FNAC of intra-abdominal lesions is a safe, simple, cost-effective procedure and along with cell blocks gives a precise diagnosis. They can also be used for histochemical stains, immuno- cytochemistry, and in-situ-hybridization.

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Author Biographies

Anita A M, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Kalaburagi, India

Department Of Pathology, Professor

MD Hamed Altaf Mali, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Kalaburagi, India

Department Of Pathology,

Anuradha G Patil, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Kalaburagi, India

Department Of Pathology, Professor and Head of the Department

Meenakshi M, Mahadevappa Rampure Medical College Kalaburagi, India

Department Of Pathology, Assistant Professor

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Published

2021-03-31

How to Cite

M, A. A., Altaf Mali, M. H., Patil, A. G., & M, M. (2021). A comparative study of cell block and cytological smears in FNAC of intra-abdominal lesions. Journal of Pathology of Nepal, 12(1), 1900–1906. https://doi.org/10.3126/jpn.v12i1.33054

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Original Articles