Agriculture Education for Rural Development in Nepal
Keywords:Agriculture education, agricultural development, rural development
This paper appraises the possible importance of accessible agriculture education program in agriculture and rural development sectors. Rural development is a strategy for reducing poverty and uplift socio-economic infrastructures in rural areas especially through agriculture development which is almost impossible without proper management of agriculture graduates and trained farmers. An attempt is also made to examine the transformative role of responsible public and private mechanism, skilled farmers and agriculture graduates for achieving ultimate goals and objectives of agricultural policies and rural development efforts during various plan periods. However, still most of agriculture graduates have to be encouraged to working with farmers and need to be devoted in agricultural based occupations. Nepalese economy has undergone a gradual structural shift in the recent years and there is 4.03% average GDP contribution by agriculture sector. Still 2.5 million people need immediate assistance because of insufficient land and production and 4.4 million people are trapping in food insecurity because of raising price in food grains. But Nepal ranked as the sixth largest producer of lentils and the third largest producers of ginger. Cardamom, lentils, tea and ginger are also the leading agricultural export items. This situation suggests that the country is still potential destination form the perspectives commercial farming and agricultural transformation, if the government gives excessive emphasize to providing accessible and affordable agriculture education opportunities to socio-economically backward students whose family members are still working in agriculture sectors. This paper emphasizes that formulating agriculture and rural development policies are not proper way to solve socio-economic problems but it is inevitable to diffuse agriculture education program in rural areas for producing skilled and knowledgeable workforce. The government needs to expand agricultural service delivery mechanism and mobilize agriculture graduates in remote areas and private sectors also need to invest in agriculture sectors as for struggling against food insecurity.
Journal of Training and Development Vol.1 2015: 38-45
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