Estimation of Serum Vitamin D2, Growth Hormone, Alkaline Phosphatase and Calcium Phosphate Product in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease

Authors

  • Santosh Chaudhary District Hospital Taplejung, Fungling, Taplejung, Nepal
  • Narayan Gautam Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Manoj Karki Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Sunkeshari Deshar Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Archana Jayan Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Amit Chandra Jha Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Binaya Tamang Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Buddhi Raj Pokhrel Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Jharana Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Raju Kumar Dubey Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Maharajgunj

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i01.37979

Keywords:

Alkaline phosphatase, Calcium phosphate product, End stage renal disease, Human growth hormone

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

The chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient's calcium phosphate product, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), vitamin-D2  and human growth hormone (hGH) are altered under haemodialysis. This study aimed to evaluate these biochemical variables in conjunction with haemoglobin and blood pressure to find out their association in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

This cross-sectional study comprised of 104 patients with ESRD undergoing haemodialysis. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated by Cockcroft-Gault (CG) equation and calcium, phosphorus, ALP were measured by fully automated analyzer whereas vitamin-D2  and hGH were measured by sandwich and competitive enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) techniques.

RESULTS

The mean age of patients was 53.12 ±16.37 years comprising 68% male. The hypovitaminosis D was 57.7% deficiency and 23.1% insufficiency states whereas hGH insufficiency was 22.1%. The calcium phosphate product was found to be increased in only 39.9% cases. The increased ALP level was observed in 64.4% cases. There was statistically significant association between hGH and Hb status (p=0.03). The significant difference in mean sodium and Ca×P of ESRD cases was observed with hypertension status (p=0.03 and p=0.01) respectively. Moreover, the significant difference in mean eGFR and hGH was observed with haemoglobin status (p=0.0001and p=0.01) respectively.

CONCLUSION

Increased level of ALP and hypovitaminosis-D was very common in ESRD patients undergoing dialysis with less prevalence of hGH insufficiency and calcium phosphate product increment. The anaemia and hypertension status can be pre-existing condition with ESRD which are cumbersome to control if not monitor in these patients.

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Author Biographies

Santosh Chaudhary, District Hospital Taplejung, Fungling, Taplejung, Nepal

District Hospital Taplejung, Fungling, Taplejung, Nepal

Narayan Gautam, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Manoj Karki, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Internal Medicine

Sunkeshari Deshar, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Archana Jayan, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Amit Chandra Jha, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Binaya Tamang, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Buddhi Raj Pokhrel, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Jharana Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Raju Kumar Dubey, Maharajgunj Medical Campus, Maharajgunj

Department of Biochemistry

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Published

2021-06-22

How to Cite

Chaudhary, S., Gautam, N., Karki, M., Deshar, S., Jayan, A., Jha, A. C., Tamang, B., Pokhrel, B. R., Shrestha, J., & Dubey, R. K. (2021). Estimation of Serum Vitamin D2, Growth Hormone, Alkaline Phosphatase and Calcium Phosphate Product in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 9(01), 61–65. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i01.37979

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Section

Original Articles