Haematological Profile in Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia in Children

Authors

  • Raju Kafle Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Anupama Bastola Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Ashok P Samdurkar Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Narayan Gautam Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Anuj Poudel Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Anita Shah Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i02.41941

Keywords:

Microcytic hypochromic anaemia, Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA),, β-Thalassemia, Red cell indices

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The most common disorders presenting with microcytic hypochromic anaemia are iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and β-Thalassemia trait (β-TT), and each of them has different pathogenesis and treatment modality. Here we intend to see the haematological profile in microcytic hypochromic anaemia in children apart from IDA and Thalassemia with respect to age and gender.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 95 pediatric patients between the ages of 2 to 12 years with microcytic hypochromic anaemia were included in the study. Blood samples obtained from each patient were evaluated for various haematological and biochemical profiles along with haemoglobin electrophoresis. It was a hospital based observational cross-sectional study done for a period of 18 months from January 2019 to July 2020.

RESULTS: Severe anaemia was seen in 55 (57.89%) cases, followed by 38 (40.00%) cases with moderate anaemia and 2 (2.11%) cases with mild anaemia. Majority of the cases showed IDA, which were 85 (89.5%) cases, followed by 6 (6.3%) cases with β-TT and 4 (4.2%) cases with β-TM. RBC count, hematocrit and RDW showed significant variation between IDA, β-TM and β-TT. Most number of correctly diagnosed cases were shown by Ricerca Index with 90 (94.74 %).

CONCLUSION: Our study concludes RBC count and RDW, along with Srivasthava Index, Ricerca Index and RDW Index could be used as reliable indices to differentiate between iron deficiency anaemia and β-Thalassemia. Red cell indices, serum iron profile and haemoglobin electrophoresis complement each other for the precise diagnosis of underlying cause of microcytic hypochromic anaemia.

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Author Biographies

Raju Kafle, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pediatrics

Anupama Bastola, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pathology

Ashok P Samdurkar, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pathology

Narayan Gautam, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Biochemistry

Anuj Poudel, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pathology

Anita Shah, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pathology

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Kafle, R., Bastola, A., Samdurkar, A. P., Gautam, N., Poudel, A., & Shah, A. (2021). Haematological Profile in Microcytic Hypochromic Anaemia in Children. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 9(02), 3–7. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i02.41941

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Section

Original Articles