Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Patients with Psoriasis in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western Nepal

Authors

  • Aruna Sayami Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu
  • Anita Shah Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Yogesh Poudyal Sarnath Skin Centre, Shantipath, Bhairahawa, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i02.42003

Keywords:

Clinical symptoms, Epidemiological profile, Psoriasis

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory and proliferative condition of the skin which poses a significant health problem in general population. It is clinically characterized by erythematous plaques covered by silvery white scales, associated with systemic manifestations in many organ systems.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a descriptive study conducted at the Department of Dermatology, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal. All psoriasis patients who gave consent were clinically examined and proforma documentation including patient’s clinical and demographic details was studied.

RESULTS: Fifty two psoriasis patients were studied. The median age was 40 years and male: female ratio was 1.7:1 with 33 (63.5%) male and 19 (36.5%) female psoriasis patients. The most common clinical type of psoriasis observed according to morphology was chronic plaque psoriasis 45 (86.54%) and according to involvement of anatomical site was nail psoriasis 33 (63.5%). This study showed that 30 (57.7%) had no symptoms of pruritus and pain and 29 (55.8%) of psoriatic cases had seasonal variation. The commonest treatment modality was a combination of oral and topical medication 29 (55.8%).

CONCLUSION: Psoriasis is a common skin disorder associated with systemic manifestations seen by dermatologists. This study outlines the clinico-epidemiological profile of patients with psoriasis which can provide further guidance for taking appropriate measures in diagnosing, providing adequate treatment, and undertaking various preventive measures among psoriasis patients.

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Author Biographies

Aruna Sayami, Institute of Medicine, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu

Department of Dermatology

Anita Shah, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Pathology

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Sayami, A., Shah, A., & Poudyal, Y. (2021). Clinico-Epidemiological Profile of Patients with Psoriasis in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Western Nepal. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 9(02), 41–44. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v9i02.42003

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Section

Original Articles