Evaluation of Outcome of Timing of Surgical Intervention on Cauda Equina Syndrome

Authors

  • Rajesh Pratap Shah Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Bishnu Babu Thapa Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sushil Rana Magar Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ritesh Sinha Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pankaj Chand Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Dipendra Maharjan Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sushil Shrestha Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rabi Bhandari Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/mjsbh.v20i1.26686

Keywords:

Key words: Back pain; Cauda Equina Syndrome ; Disability; VAS

Abstract

Introduction: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare clinical entity caused by compression of lumbar and sacral nerve roots resulting in various neurological dysfunctions. Early diagnosis of the syndrome and timely intervention is required to prevent permanent disability.

Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted from January 2013 to December 2017 in a tertiary care centre in Kathmandu, Nepal. All the cases meeting the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Patients were operated using posterior open discectomy and the outcome was evaluated at  two weeks , one month, three months, six months and one year.

Result: Total number of patients meeting the inclusion criteria was 10, two females and eight males with a mean age of 40.30 + 6.58 years. The mean time for onset of symptom to timing of surgery was 142 hrs. VAS for leg improved from 5.90 + 0 .738 to 0.70 + 0.483 and VAS for back pain improved from 3.20 + 1.476 to 0.5 + 0.572 post operatively. There was improvement in sensory and motor function in all the cases. Bowel and bladder function improved in all the cases postoperatively at the time of final follow up. Sexual function was impaired in six patients preoperatively but postoperatively four had improved and two patients had poor result at the time of final follow up.

Conclusions: Timing of surgery may not be the most important determining factor for the outcome of the CES. Surgical decompression in delayed presentation have good clinical outcome in CES.

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Author Biography

Rajesh Pratap Shah, Department of Orthopaedics, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Shree Birendra Hospital, Chhauni, Kathmandu, Nepal

Assistant Professor

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Published

2021-02-02

How to Cite

Shah, R. P., Thapa, B. B., Magar, S. R., Sinha, R., Chand, P., Maharjan, D., Shrestha, S., & Bhandari, R. (2021). Evaluation of Outcome of Timing of Surgical Intervention on Cauda Equina Syndrome. Medical Journal of Shree Birendra Hospital, 20(1), 19–23. https://doi.org/10.3126/mjsbh.v20i1.26686

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Section

Original Articles