Detection of superior rice genotypes through evaluating growth and yield parameters

Authors

  • Ankita Poudel Nepal Polytechnic Institute, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9887-7657
  • Manila Singh Chaudhary (Dhami) Nepal Polytechnic Institute, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Anup Adhikari Agriculture and Forestry University, Pakhribas, Dhankuta, Nepal
  • Jiban Shrestha Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v15i1.51086

Keywords:

Correlation, panicle, rice, grain yield, tillers

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the first staple crop in terms of area coverage for cultivation and production in Nepal. In rice breeding programs, developing superior genotypes depends on the evaluation of growth and yield parameters. Thus, to detect some of the primary superior genotypes, we evaluated the growth and yield parameters of 24 genotypes of rice in Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal. The rice varieties were planted in an alpha lattice design with three replications. The traits, such as plant height, number of tillers, number of effective tillers, length of panicles, number of panicles per square meter, and grain yield, were found to be highly significant (p=0.05). Sabitri (4.8 t ha-1) and Makwanpur-1 (4.4 t ha-1) were the two rice genotypes that yielded the most. Plant height, panicle length, and grains per panicle showed positive and significant (p=0.05) correlations with grain yield, showing potential genotypes for higher yield. We concluded that, among all 24 genotypes examined, the most promising varieties from a growth and yield perspective were Sabitri and Makwanpur-1.

 

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Published

2023-02-01

How to Cite

Poudel, A. ., Chaudhary (Dhami), M. S. ., Adhikari, A. ., & Shrestha, J. (2023). Detection of superior rice genotypes through evaluating growth and yield parameters. Nepal Agriculture Research Journal, 15(1), 66–74. https://doi.org/10.3126/narj.v15i1.51086

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Section

Articles