Precipitating factors leading to decompensation of heart failure in patients attending a tertiary care centre of Nepal

  • Suman Adhikari Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8402-5325
  • Ratna Mani Gajurel Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Chandra Mani Poudel Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Hemanta Shrestha Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Sanjeev Thapa Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Surya Devkota Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Vijay Yadav Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Manju Sharma Department of Cardiology, Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Keywords: Decompensation, Heart failure, Precipitating factors

Abstract

Background and Aims: Heart failure is one of the debilitating conditions in patients with various forms of heart disease. It can have impacts on various aspects of the life of a patient. There have been few studies on the etiological aspects and precipitants of heart failure in the Nepalese population. The aim of our study is to find out the major factors that lead to decompensation of heart failure in patients who already have established heart failure.

Methods: This study was a single-centre, prospective, observational study conducted in the emergency department of Manmohan Cardiothoracic Vascular and Transplant Centre (MCVTC) from 1st June 2019 to 30th November 2019. Hundred and one patients with established heart failure in the past, who presented again with decompensated heart failure were enrolled.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 62.81 years (SD=15.92). Factors responsible for acute decompensation of heart failure were identified in 95.0 % of patients included in the study. The most common factor identified was poor compliance with medications and diet and fluid intake (38.6%). Next to it was arrhythmia identified in about 35.6% of cases.Other important factors responsible for decompensation in our study were infection (12.8%), anemia (4.9%) and ischemia (2.9%).

Conclusion: Preventable and identifiable factors are responsible for the decompensation of heart failure. Most of these factors can be modified with the use of proper patient counseling/patient education, thereby reducing recurrent hospital admissions and economic burden to the patient and the government as well.

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Abstract
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Published
2020-05-06
How to Cite
Adhikari, S., Gajurel, R., Poudel, C., Shrestha, H., Thapa, S., Devkota, S., Yadav, V., & Sharma, M. (2020). Precipitating factors leading to decompensation of heart failure in patients attending a tertiary care centre of Nepal. Nepalese Heart Journal, 17(1), 17-21. https://doi.org/10.3126/njh.v17i1.28798
Section
Original Articles