Screening for Hypertension in Asymptomatic Individuals in Nepal: An Expert Consensus Statement

Authors

  • Prakash Raj Regmi Department of Cardiology, Nepal Heart Clinic, Kathmandu https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2197-2672
  • Sanjib Kumar Sharma B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal
  • Yadav Kumar Deo Bhatt Department of Cardiology, Norvic Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rabi Malla Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Arun Maskey Department of Cardiology, Shahid Gangalal National Heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Yubaraj Limbu Department of Cardiology, Stupa Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rajesh Nepal Department of Cardiology, Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Achutanand Lal Karn Department of Cardiology, National Medical College Teaching Hospital, Birgunj, Nepal
  • Sahadeb Prasad Dhungana Department of Cardiology, Nobel Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal.
  • Mani Prasad Gautam Department of Cardiology, Bharatpur District Hospital, Narayanghat, Nepal
  • Mukunda Prasad Kafle Department of Nephrology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Robin Maskey Department of Internal Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
  • Subhash Saurav Department of Internal Medicine, Manmohan Memorial Hospital, Birtamod, Nepal
  • Uttar Kumar Mainali Department of Internal Medicine, Koshi Hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal
  • Kunjang Sherpa Department of Cardiology, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nhj.v20i2.59515

Keywords:

Blood Pressure, Hypertension, Nepal, Screening

Abstract

Hypertension affects a substantial proportion of the general population in Nepal with prevalence ranging from 20 to 30 percent. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for undiagnosed hypertension and is possible through hypertension screening. The aim of this paper is to provide unified consensus recommendations for the effective screening of hypertension in Nepal. In two National Advisory expert consensus meetings, a total of 42 experts participated, discussed and voted on the key statements for formulating the consensus. Each key statement was scored on a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 9 and a mean score was calculated. The consensus statement was accepted if the mean score was seven or more with the voting of more than two-thirds of the experts. The main consensus recommendations are the following. First, screening for hypertension should start among adults from 18 years of age. Second, effective screening of hypertension can aid in the early diagnosis, control, and improve the cardiovascular disease outcomes. Third, in asymptomatic adults, re-screening is necessary every 3 to 6 months and every 3 to 5 years for initial blood pressure levels of 130-139/80-89 mmHg and <130/85 mmHg, respectively. Fourth, hypertension screening is cost-effective in a resource-limited setting. The use of consensus recommendations will help in a unified community screening of hypertension among the asymptomatic adult population of Nepal. Screening of hypertension should be promoted by all the stakeholders in healthcare services.  

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Published

2023-11-05

How to Cite

Regmi, P. R., Sharma, S. K., Bhatt, Y. K. D., Malla, R., Maskey, A., Limbu, Y., Nepal, R., Karn, A. L., Dhungana, S. P., Gautam, M. P., Kafle, M. P., Maskey, R., Saurav, S., Mainali, U. K., & Sherpa, K. (2023). Screening for Hypertension in Asymptomatic Individuals in Nepal: An Expert Consensus Statement. Nepalese Heart Journal, 20(2), 43–49. https://doi.org/10.3126/nhj.v20i2.59515

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