Preparation of High-Resolution DTM and Orthophoto Using LiDAR in Nepal
Keywords:Lidar, DTM, DEM, Orthophoto, Survey Department
The high-resolution terrain model has varied usages including development planning, engineering works, environmental management, disaster management, urban planning, irrigation, geological study, archeological study and cadastral application. Currently, this data is not available for Nepal and it has also hindered the socio and economic development of the country. Airborne Lidar is economically cost-effective and viable means for topography related data collection. Lidar which is an acronym for Light Detection and Ranging is an active remote sensing technology in which Laser beams are used for surveying and mapping. The Survey Department of Nepal has taken initiative to prepare the High-Resolution DTM and Orthophoto of about 20,000 square kilometres of Nepal using Lidar surveying and mapping. Survey Department is conducting a LiDAR survey in the western terai regions of Nepal from Chitwan to Kanchanpur district. Airborne LiDAR survey data along with a very high resolution (0.15 m) orthophoto shall be generated. Further, processing of LiDAR points data will generate a highly precise digital terrain model of 1 m grid data having an accuracy of 0.25 m and finally 0.5 m contour interval data. This endeavor is one of the milestones in the surveying and mapping sector of Nepal and it will have far-reaching consequence in the social and economic development of Nepal.