Optimizing Orientation by GCP Refinement of Very High Resolution IKONOS Satellite Images
Keywords:IKONOS satellite image, GCP Refinement
The Rational Polynomial Coefficients (RPC) provided with the IKONOS images contains a large error and they need Ground Control Point (GCP) refinement. To present the technique of refinement of RPCs by the application of some appropriate transformation algorithm with some suitable number of GCPs in proper constellation in an optimal way to achieve high geometric accuracy during spatial data acquisition from IKONOS stereo image is the objective of this paper. From this study it was found that GCP refinement of RPCs by affine transformation with four GCPs in proper constellation is optimal for the orientation of the image pair under study, it was also found that at least two redundant GCPs are necessary for proper refinement by a particular transformation algorithm.