Obstetric Fistula Orientation Program in Nepal


  • Tara Shakya


fistula, knowledge, orientation


Aims: To find out the hidden cases by strengthening/upgrading the knowledge of the participants and also to refer the identified cases not only to the phect -NEPAL's fistula surgery center (Kathmandu Model Hospital/Kirtipur hospital) but also to the nearest fistula centers of the country.

Methods: In 2018, phect-NEPAL has conducted orientation program in seven districts. During the orientations, pretest/posttest was done with health service providers, female community health volunteers, NGOs /teachers and school students to see their knowledge on obstetric fistula. Public Health Concern Trust (phect-NEPAL) is working in this area not only in curative part but also in preventive/awareness part since 2014. Till now, phect-NEAPAL has conducted orientations in more than 17 districts (one Municipality and one village Municipality in each district). 

Results: Among the 370 health service providers who got orientation in 2018,  a total of 90% of health service providers know what is obstetric fistula, 55%  know about Pelvic organs involved in obstetric Fistula, 47 % HSP knows about the causes of obstetric fistula, 22% know about symptoms of obstetric fistula, only 37% know about diagnostic criteria for identifying obstetric fistula and  49% have confusing knowledge with other gynae problems like uterine prolapse.

Among 660 FCHVs, almost 80 % of female community health volunteers did not heard about obstetric fistula. Those FCHVs who said they heard about obstetric fistula,  more than 80% have confused knowledge of prolapse uterus /piles, leaking urine while coughing/sneezing, etc. Almost 90% of teachers and 60% of NGOs do not know about obstetric fistula.

Conclusion:  Awareness on obstetric fistula is a Key Component for successful implementation of Obstetric Fistula Program in Nepal.


Download data is not yet available.



How to Cite

Shakya, T. (2018). Obstetric Fistula Orientation Program in Nepal. Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 13(2). Retrieved from https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJOG/article/view/21937