Histomorphological Spectrum of Ovarian Masses in a Tertiary Centre of Eastern Nepal
Keywords:histopathology, neoplastic, non-neoplastic
Aims: To analyze the trends of ovarian masses in a tertiary centre in eastern Nepal.
Methods: This was a retrospective cross sectional study conducted in Department of Pathology at Nobel Medical College and teaching hospital, Biratnagar, Nepal. Database of two years from April 2019 to April 2021 was searched. Gross and microscopic findings of cases including demographic details of patients with ovarian mass were analyzed and presented by descriptive parameters.
Results: Out of 127 cases of ovarian masses studied, 95 (74.8%) were neoplastic. The common types were Germ cell tumors were (47; 37%), epithelial tumors (43; 33.9%) and endometriotic cyst (23; 18.1%). Mean age was 38.1 (range: 17-77) years in benign, 47.1 (30 – 70) years in malignant and 36.9 (21-53) years in non-neoplastic tumors; 11 cases were malignant and 63.6% were solid; and 23.8% of serous tumors were bilateral.
Conclusions: Benign neoplastic lesions were the most common lesions and presented earlier than borderline and malignant lesions. Endometriotic cysts comprised the most common non- neoplastic lesions. The non-neoplastic lesions were predominantly cystic and the malignant lesions were predominantly solid. Most of the benign lesions were solid-cystic. Most mucinous tumors and all the sex-cord stromal tumors were unilateral while the seromucinous tumor and a significant number of serous tumors were bilateral.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Oshan Shrestha, Reetu Baral, Shipra Shrestha
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright on any research article in the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology is retained by the author(s).
The authors grant the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Articles in the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and it is not used for commercial purposes.