Diagnosis and management of ectopic ureter in a low resource setting – A case series

Authors

  • Shirley Heywood Surkhet Fistula Centre, Provincial Hospital Karnali Province, Nepal
  • Shuvechchha Dewa Shrestha Surkhet Fistula Centre, Provincial Hospital Karnali Province, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/njog.v16i2.42111

Keywords:

diagnosis, ectopic ureter, urinary incontinence

Abstract

Aims:  To review the experience of women and girls treated for ectopic ureter in Surkhet through the fistula camps and Fistula Treatment Centre and analyse the diagnostic method, management and outcome.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of the patients with ectopic ureter who received treatment in Surkhet since 2009. Data were analysed from patient records and interviews.

Results:  Seven patients were diagnosed with ectopic ureter over a period of 12 years. Five patients were prepubertal with age range of  7 - 15 years. History of continuous incontinence with normal voiding was suggestive of ureteric fistula in six out of seven cases. The seventh case had massive ureterocele in the distal end of the duplex right ureter. Ultrasound suggested a diagnosis of duplex collecting system in five cases. IVU or CT IVU suggested duplex ureter in only three cases. Diagnosis was confirmed by examination under anaesthesia after i.v. frusemide in six cases. All cases were managed by implantation of the ectopic ureter into the bladder. In the case with ureterocele heminephrectomy was performed. All seven patients are well at follow-up between 6 months and five years after presentation.  

Conclusion: Ectopic ureter is a treatable cause of urinary incontinence and the diagnosis may be overlooked. A lifelong history of continuous urinary leakage with normal voiding, in absence of trauma or surgical procedure should raise the suspicion. Examination under anaesthetic and ultrasound proved most effective in confirming the diagnosis

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
102
PDF
118

Downloads

Published

2022-01-01

How to Cite

Heywood, S. ., & Shrestha, S. D. . (2022). Diagnosis and management of ectopic ureter in a low resource setting – A case series . Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 16(2), 105–112. https://doi.org/10.3126/njog.v16i2.42111

Issue

Section

Case series