Power of Initiative and Immunity of Local Government in Federal Nepal

  • Amrit Kumar Shrestha Political Science Education, Central Department of Education, Kirtipur, Tribhuvan University https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3792-0666
  • Tara Nath Ghimire Ratna Rajyalaxmi Campus, Kathmandu, Tribhuvan University
Keywords: initiative, immunity, autonomy, local government, the theory of autonomy

Abstract

Traditionally, it was considered that federal and state governments are the primary two components of the federal system. Provisions relating to local governments were left in the hand of state governments. The recent concept of federalism accepts the local governments as third and integral tier of the federal system. However, federalism and decentralization are used in different meaning. Federalism means the division of power within the center and federal units whereas decentralization considers devolution of power to the local units. The history of the local government begins with the ancient regime in Nepal, and it continues till at present. This article analyzes whether Nepal's local governments are exercising autonomous powers in the new federal system. It examines the local governments' status and positions in light of Clark's theory of autonomy. It concludes that the local governments have vested a significant level of powers of initiative and immunity to being needed for an autonomous institution.

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Author Biographies

Amrit Kumar Shrestha, Political Science Education, Central Department of Education, Kirtipur, Tribhuvan University

Associate Professor

Tara Nath Ghimire, Ratna Rajyalaxmi Campus, Kathmandu, Tribhuvan University

Lecturer, Political Science

Published
2020-12-27
How to Cite
Shrestha, A., & Ghimire, T. (2020). Power of Initiative and Immunity of Local Government in Federal Nepal. Researcher: A Research Journal of Culture and Society, 4(1), 63-79. https://doi.org/10.3126/researcher.v4i1.33812
Section
Articles