Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among Blood Donors at Dharan, Sunsari, Nepal

Authors

  • Sabina Rai Department of Microbiology, Sunsari Technical College, Dharan
  • Pranita Dongol Department of Microbiology, Sunsari Technical College, Dharan
  • Hemanta Khanal Department of Microbiology, Central Campus of Technology, Hattisar, Dharan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/stcj.v2i1.14791

Keywords:

Seroprevalence, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, blood donors

Abstract

Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are the chronic viral infection that might be transmitted by blood transfusion. Nepal is known to have lowest seroprevalence in Asia. The main objective of the present study is to find out the prevalence of hepatitis B and Hepatitis C and their co-infection among blood donors during study period from March to August 2014. This was a cross sectional study among volunteer blood donors in Dharan who had donated the Blood. A total of 4930 donated blood samples were collected and screened for hepatitis B and hepatitis C by using a rapid enzyme immunoassay (EIA) technique. Among 4930 blood samples under study, the overall seroprevalence of hepatitis B were 0.22% (11 out of 4930) and hepatitis C were 0.39% (19 out of 4930) (P value = 0.01) and the prevalence being lower in females than males for both cases. Hepatitis B were more in age group of 21 -30 (0.4%) but hepatitis C in age group of 31-40 (0.5%). Hepatitis B and C are potential threats to be transmitted from unscreened blood.

Sunsari Technical College Journal 2015, 2(1):13-16

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
2671
PDF
1012

Downloads

Published

2016-04-28

How to Cite

Rai, S., Dongol, P., & Khanal, H. (2016). Seroprevalence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C among Blood Donors at Dharan, Sunsari, Nepal. Sunsari Technical College Journal, 2(1), 13–16. https://doi.org/10.3126/stcj.v2i1.14791

Issue

Section

Original Articles