Visibility of Invisible: Covid-19 and Nepal-India Migration

  • Jeevan Baniya Social Science Baha, and Faculty, DIRD TU, Kathmandu
  • Sadikshya Bhattarai Social Science Baha, Kathmandu
  • Vibhav Pradhan Social Science Baha, Kathmandu
  • Binay Jung Thapa Social Science Baha, Kathmandu
Keywords: COVID-19, migration, livelihoods, social security

Abstract

 India remains the preferred destination for Nepali migrant workers. There is a freedom of movement and work to citizens of both the countries without the need of passport or visa requirements. This paper studies the impact of COVID-19 on Nepali migrants in India by employing a mixed method research approach. The imposition of nationwide lockdowns in both India and Nepal has resulted in multiple forms of impacts on migrants, revealing a complicated cross-border dynamics. Sudden enforcement of restrictive measures including lockdowns, while necessary, adversely triggered vulnerabilities and precarity onto millions of Nepali migrants in India. The lack of political and legal recognition and inadequate state policies towards social protections worsened the magnitude and severity. While immediate relief measures and safe return is necessary in the short term, it suggests revising their foreign policy, development and social security policies to address the adverse drivers that Nepali migrants have faced.

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Author Biographies

Jeevan Baniya, Social Science Baha, and Faculty, DIRD TU, Kathmandu

Assistant director

Sadikshya Bhattarai, Social Science Baha, Kathmandu

Senior Research Associate

Vibhav Pradhan, Social Science Baha, Kathmandu

Research Associate

Binay Jung Thapa, Social Science Baha, Kathmandu

Research Associate

Published
2020-09-27
How to Cite
Baniya, J., Bhattarai, S., Pradhan, V., & Thapa, B. (2020). Visibility of Invisible: Covid-19 and Nepal-India Migration. Tribhuvan University Journal, 34, 101-114. https://doi.org/10.3126/tuj.v34i0.31542