Viewpoint of the Supreme Court of Nepal on the Arbitration Process in the Light of Party Autonomy
Keywords:arbitration, arbitral agreements, party autonomy, arbitral award, Supreme Court of Nepal
Arbitration is a contract-based form of binding dispute resolution. In other words, a party’s right to refer a dispute to arbitration depends on the existence of an agreement between them and the other parties to the dispute that the dispute may be referred to arbitration. Arbitration is a private process where disputing parties agree that one or several individuals can make a decision about the dispute after receiving evidence and hearing arguments. The arbitration process is similar to a trial in that the parties make opening statements and present evidence to the arbitrator. Conflicts have existed in all cultures, religions and societies since time immemorial, as long as human have walked the earth. Human society is a repertoire where differences arise and persist as salient features, but this is also a platform where varieties of disputes find management in the form of resolution to energize the society. As conflicts are an integral part of human interaction, one must learn to deal with them tactfully, conventionally, disputes – commercial or otherwise were resolved by litigation but due to delays, costs, publicity and technicality associated with litigation, alternative dispute resolution (ADR) processes evolved. Various means of ADR or out of court settlement of disputes such as negotiation, conciliation and arbitration have come into practice. In the modern era, the business activities are increasing day by day. Along with the business activities, its complexities, differences, and disputes are also increasing day by day. The traditional method of settling disputes is the litigation process in the court of law. From the perspective of concerned parties, settlement of these disputes as quick as possible is desired. But because of the lengthily procedure and case load settlement through court is not possible. For this reason, parties were looking for the alternative process where both the parties can trust impartial person who will solve their disputes within short period of time.
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© Center for Research, Tribhuvan University