Exploring Key Elements for Effective Implementation of Inclusive Education in Nepal

Authors

  • Indra Bahadur Kunwar PhD Scholar, Faculty of Education, Graduate School of Education, T.U., Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bcj.v6i1.62964

Keywords:

Children with disabilities, Inclusive education, Key elements, Parents and community, Resource class

Abstract

The main objective of this study is to investigate key elements for effectively implementing inclusive education in schools in Nepal. A qualitative phenomenological research design has been applied to investigate the problem. Three community schools with resource classes were purposively selected as a representative sample from the districts of Rupandehi, Nawalparasi and Kavre. Interviews and focus group discussions served as the research tools for data collection.  A semi-structured interview schedule was developed and utilized for the head teachers and resource teachers; whereas, questions for focus group discussion were developed and administered to the teachers of sample schools. The collected data were transcribed, grouped and categorized for their analysis. The findings reveal that several key elements are important for the smooth execution of inclusive education in Nepalese schools. These elements include disabled-friendly infrastructure; curriculum, teaching strategies and assessment; inclusive school leadership; implementable policies and legal instruments; trained teachers; active involvement of parents and community; positive attitude of teachers and peers; and adequate financing.

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Author Biography

Indra Bahadur Kunwar, PhD Scholar, Faculty of Education, Graduate School of Education, T.U., Nepal

PhD Scholar, Faculty of Education, Graduate School of Education, T.U.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Kunwar, I. B. (2023). Exploring Key Elements for Effective Implementation of Inclusive Education in Nepal. Butwal Campus Journal, 6(1), 72–82. https://doi.org/10.3126/bcj.v6i1.62964

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Articles