Validity of Ottawa Knee Rules at a Teaching Hospital of Eastern Nepal

Authors

  • Bibhuti Nath Mishra Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3355-7716
  • Santosh Nepal Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal
  • Surya Bahadur Parajuli Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40321

Keywords:

Fractures; Knee injuries; Ottawa Knee Rule; X-ray

Abstract

Introduction: Knee injuries are encountered frequently in Orthopedic emergency and Outpatient departments. Radiographs are routinely ordered in them, but not all of them demonstrate clear fractures. The decision for radiography based on subjective evaluation can help to reduce cost, decrease waiting time, and unnecessary radiation exposure. We lack this information in our context.

Objective: The objective of this study was to find the validity of the Ottawa knee rule (OKR) in patients presenting with acute knee injuries at a teaching hospital in eastern Nepal.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 2018 to February 2019 including 210 cases of acute knee injuries. The patients were evaluated as per OKR and their X-rays were evaluated too. Collected data were entered in MS Excel and analyzed by SPSS for validity.

 

Results: Out of the total of 210 eligible patients (122 males and 88 females) with a mean age of 43.97 years, the radiography rate was 100% but the yield rate was only 10.5%. Overall 69% of patients presented to the hospital within 24 hours of the injury and direct hit/trauma was the commonest mode of injury. Patella fractures were commonest followed by proximal tibia fractures. There was a high sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 42.02%.  The rule yielded a Positive and Negative Predictive value of 16.79% and 100%, respectively. The OKR, if applied correctly, could result in radiography rate reduction by 37.61%. The Fisher exact test result was significant at p<0.05.

Conclusion: OKRs is a valid tool to predict fractures in patients who has a history of acute knee injuries without chances of missing fractures. This rule can reduce unnecessary radiography in our setup as well.

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Author Biographies

Bibhuti Nath Mishra, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital

Lecturer, Department of Orthopedics

Santosh Nepal, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Lecturer, Department of Orthopedics

Surya Bahadur Parajuli, Birat Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine

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Published

2021-11-03

How to Cite

Mishra, B. N. ., Nepal, S. ., & Parajuli, S. B. (2021). Validity of Ottawa Knee Rules at a Teaching Hospital of Eastern Nepal. Birat Journal of Health Sciences, 6(2), 1471–1475. https://doi.org/10.3126/bjhs.v6i2.40321

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles