Nepali Verbs: Some Properties

Authors

  • Balaram Prasain Reader, Linguistics at Central Department of Linguistics, Tribhuvan University.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/gipan.v3i2.48914

Keywords:

Morphology, causativization, passivization, negativization, syllabicity

Abstract

Nepali verb stems end with i, a, o and ʌ vowels, and voiced and voiceless consonants. From transitivity perspective, they are intransitive and transitive/ditransitive. The verbs are monosyllabic and polysyllabic from syllabicity point of view. Another feature that Nepali verbs have is sound [a] whose presence and absence has direct impact on causative stem formation. The causative stem formation is regular with some phonological restrictions; however, the passive stem formation is very productive. Negativization occurs from both prefixation and suffixation processes. On the basis of features and morphological processes, four types of stems, namely, base stem, passive stem, causative stem and causative passive stem are found.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
31
PDF
23

Downloads

Published

2017-11-01

How to Cite

Prasain, B. (2017). Nepali Verbs: Some Properties. Gipan, 3(2), 87–103. https://doi.org/10.3126/gipan.v3i2.48914

Issue

Section

Articles