Solid Waste Management: Challenges and Practices in the Nepalese Context

Authors

  • Amrit Maharjan Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Singh Bahadur Khatri Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Luna Thapa Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ramesh Raj Pant Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pankaj Pathak SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Youb Raj Bhatta Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Kedar Rijal Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Kiran Bishwakarma Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/hebids.v7i1.40185

Keywords:

Environmental challenges, legislation, local government, municipal solid waste

Abstract

Municipal Solid Waste is one of the demanding environmental challenges faced by many municipalities in Nepal. Current practices and systems in Nepal being unable to deal with the increasing volumes of waste generated by an increasing urban population and its impact on the environment and public health. This paper reviewed the challenges, practices and discusses key policies, legislative and institutional provisions made by the government regarding solid waste management in Nepal. Both published and unpublished documents, reports; articles and books were collected, reviewed, and analyzed. The result shows that an appropriate legal provision including policy and strategic framework needs to be developed for three tiers of government such as federal, provincial, and local. The initiatives of local governments and the public could play a significant role in managing solid wastes. Thus, strengthening the capacity of local governments is indispensable, as primarily they are mandated to provide solid waste management. The public-private partnership offers opportunities for operational efficiency and cost-effectiveness. In summary, for the environment-friendly management of solid wastes, academia could contribute a supportive role in developing and reforming policy, strategy, and guidelines and, strengthening the capacity of concerns at all levels.

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Author Biographies

Amrit Maharjan, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Singh Bahadur Khatri, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Luna Thapa, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Ramesh Raj Pant, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Environmental Science,

Pankaj Pathak, SRM University, Andhra Pradesh, India

Department of Environmental Science

Youb Raj Bhatta, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Kedar Rijal, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Kiran Bishwakarma, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research

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Published

2019-12-12

How to Cite

Maharjan, A., Khatri, S. B., Thapa, L., Pant, R. R., Pathak, P., Bhatta, Y. R., Rijal, K., & Bishwakarma, K. (2019). Solid Waste Management: Challenges and Practices in the Nepalese Context. Himalayan Biodiversity, 7(1), 6–18. https://doi.org/10.3126/hebids.v7i1.40185

Issue

Section

Articles