Disaster Management and Role of Academic Institutions in Nepal: Current Status and Way Forward

Authors

  • Ramesh Raj Pant Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Kiran Bishwakarma Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Archana Ghimire Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China
  • Kripa Shrestha Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Rejina Maskey Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal
  • Buddhi Raj Joshi Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal
  • Arjun Gautam Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal
  • Madan Koirala Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/hebids.v8i1.40238

Keywords:

Academia, DRRM, TU, PU, EHD, PHED

Abstract

The intense natural disasters have been causing the great loss of life and properties in Nepal. This study attempts to figure out the status and role of Nepalese academia for the contribution of disaster risk reduction and management (DRRM). The methodology adopted for the study is reviewing the literature, policies, and academic documents including university curricula. The study highlighted that the constitution of Nepal 2015 and DRRM Act 2017 have provided ample opportunities via several legal provisions for federal, provincial, and local government to make their own modalities for making a disaster-resilient society. The universities and higher academic institutions are responsible for sound knowledge-based research activities to address the issues of DRRM which could be directly adopted by different levels of governments in terms of their plans, policies, and programs. In this connection, attempts are being made by governments and academic institutions to develop disaster resilient communities by shifting the traditional way of just responding during disaster focusing on the disaster cycle. Precisely, ten major universities of Nepal have incorporated disaster components including preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation-related academic curricula in their undergraduate and graduate levels academic programs. Introducing the Environmental Health in Disaster, and Public Health and Disaster Engineering in Tribhuvan University and Pokhara University, respectively is one of the good initiatives taken by the academia. However, there is still room for improvement in terms of the integration of DRRM courses in the curricula of higher academic institutions for making disaster-resilient communities.

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Author Biographies

Ramesh Raj Pant, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Kiran Bishwakarma, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research

Archana Ghimire, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China

Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences

Kripa Shrestha, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Rejina Maskey, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

Buddhi Raj Joshi, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

School of Engineering

Arjun Gautam, Pokhara University, Kaski, Nepal

School of Engineering

Madan Koirala, Institute of Science and Technology, Tribhuvan University, Nepal

Central Department of Environmental Science

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Pant, R. R., Bishwakarma, K., Ghimire, A., Shrestha, K., Maskey, R., Joshi, B. R., Gautam, A., & Koirala, M. (2020). Disaster Management and Role of Academic Institutions in Nepal: Current Status and Way Forward. Himalayan Biodiversity, 8(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.3126/hebids.v8i1.40238

Issue

Section

Articles