Impact of Financial Risk, Current Accounts, and Financial Crisis on Foreign Direct Investment: A Study on Developing Countries in the ASEAN Region

Authors

  • Allyssa Nicandra A. Cajano University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
  • Sheena A. Carrillo University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
  • Vien Blanch Z. Gaton University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines
  • Ronaldo R. Cabauatan University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44683

Keywords:

ASEAN, current accounts, financial crisis, financial risks, foreign direct investment

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of financial risk, current accounts, and financial crisis on FDI in the developing countries of ASEAN. More specifically, the study examines the effects of the inflation rate, FOREX, lending interest rate, and foreign debt as financial risk components. The panel data have been used from 1995 to 2019 in the region's eight selected countries, divided into two categories according to their income levels: the low-middle income (viz., Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Vietnam) and upper-middle-income (viz., Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand). The study showed that foreign debt, exchange rate, interest rate, and current accounts for lower-middle-income ASEAN countries are potential determinants of FDI. In contrast, inflation and the financial crisis are both found to be insignificant in determining FDI. For upper-middle-income ASEAN countries, the panel least square method revealed that current accounts, foreign debt, interest rate, inflation rate, and exchange rate are significant factors of FDI. Hence, like lower-middle-income countries, the financial crisis also has no effect on FDI in this region. However, the random effects method exhibited that all variables affect the FDI for upper-middle-income countries.

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Author Biographies

Allyssa Nicandra A. Cajano, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

College of Commerce of Business Administration

Sheena A. Carrillo, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

College of Commerce of Business Administration

Vien Blanch Z. Gaton, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

College of Commerce of Business Administration

Ronaldo R. Cabauatan, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines

Research Centre for Social Sciences and Education

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Cajano, A. N. A., Carrillo, S. A., Gaton, V. B. Z., & Cabauatan, R. R. (2021). Impact of Financial Risk, Current Accounts, and Financial Crisis on Foreign Direct Investment: A Study on Developing Countries in the ASEAN Region. Journal of Business and Social Sciences Research, 6(2), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.3126/jbssr.v6i2.44683

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Articles