Perception and Practice Regarding Prevention of COVID-19 among Community People During and After Lockdown

Authors

  • Poonam Shah College of Nursing, Sinha Health Foundation Pvt. Ltd., Janakpur, Nepal
  • Sanjana Shah College of Nursing, Sinha Health Foundation Pvt. Ltd., Janakpur, Nepal
  • Laxmi Shah College of Nursing, Sinha Health Foundation Pvt. Ltd., Janakpur, Nepal
  • Shree Shyam Giri College of Nursing, Sinha Health Foundation Pvt. Ltd., Janakpur, Nepal
  • Shambhu Prasad Kushwaha District Health Office, Dhanusha, Janakpur, Nepal
  • Lokeshwar Chaurasia Department of Pharmacology, Janaki Medical College, Janakpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/mjmms.v1i1.42942

Keywords:

COVID-19, Lockdown, Perception, Practice

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Due to erratic growth of COVID-19 infection across the globe, the mortality and morbidity due to COVID-19 is rapidly changing across the world. An assessment of the perception and practices of community members is important to reduce the risk for COVID-19 infection. Therefore, this study aims to assess the perception and practice regarding prevention of COVID-19 infection among community people before and after lockdown.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among community sample from November 2020 to January 2021 at Janakpur sub-metropolitan city of Dhanusha district, Province-2, Nepal. Two stage random sampling technique was used to select the study sample (n=422). A structured questionnaire was administered. McNemar Chi-square test was used to assess the association of perception and practice regarding prevention of COVID-19 infection during and after lockdown. P-values less than 0.05 were considered as significant.

RESULTS: The perception among community people regarding prevention of COVID-19 infection during and after lockdown was insignificant for all the component (p>0.05) except perception regarding preventive measures against COVID-19; p=0.002 whereas the practices for prevention of COVID-19 infection among community people for all the components during and after lockdown was found to be significant (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The study showed decreased practices among community people after lockdown for the prevention of COVID-19 infection compared to practices during lockdown. However, perception remains unchanged during and after lockdown for the prevention of COVID-19 infection. Therefore, the government and non-government agencies should implement awareness program through mass media and social campaigns to improve the practices on prevention of COVID-19 infection even after lockdown, among community people.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Shah, P., Shah, S., Shah, L., Giri, S. S., Kushwaha, S. P., & Chaurasia, L. (2021). Perception and Practice Regarding Prevention of COVID-19 among Community People During and After Lockdown. MedS Alliance Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 1(1), 25–31. https://doi.org/10.3126/mjmms.v1i1.42942

Issue

Section

Original Investigations