Study of Prevalence, Risk Factors and Hematological Parameters in Children Suffering from Iron Deficiency Anemia in a Tertiary Care Centre in Pokhara
Keywords:Blood glucose, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Pregnancy outcome
Introduction: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common anemia worldwide. It adversely affects the physical growth, cognition, behavior and the immune status of infants and children. There are limited number of studies in Nepal analyzing its prevalence, risk factors and diagnosis in pediatric population. Restriction of analgesics intake, increased intake of iron rich food and deworming are important determinants in the disease management.
Methods: Hospital based prospective comparative study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics in Manipal Teaching Hospital from December 2014 to December 2016 enrolling all children aged 6 months to 5 years with anemia. Demographic profile, clinical features and information regarding risk factors were noted along with detailed physical examination. Iron profile was done to confirm diagnosis of IDA. Data was analyzed using SPSS 21.
Results: Out of 168 anemic children, 110 (65.45%) children were diagnosed as IDA. Dietary factors, pica and intake of analgesics/antipyretics were major risk factors. Serum iron, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation were low whereas total iron binding capacity was high in IDA.
Conclusion: Iron deficiency anemia is a common, preventable and easily treatable disease which has potentially serious consequences if not treated. Non compliance to exclusive breastfeeding in the first 6 months of life, introduction of cow’s/buffalo’s milk in the first year, pica and rampant use of analgesics/antipyretics are major risk factors.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences