Penile squamous cell carcinoma :a three-year study at BP Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital
Keywords:Penile, Squamous cell carcinoma, Malignant
Background: Penile cancer is an aggressive and mutilating disease which deeply affects self-esteem and daily life of the patient. Penile cancer mostly affects the elderly, seen in people in their sixties and seventies. Occurrence in younger age is a need of research of penile neoplasia in young non-circumcised patients.
Materials and Method: This is a three-year retrospective study. Data was extracted from the Department of Pathology and Medical Record section of B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital. All histologically proven cases were included. The objective of this study was to assess clinical histopathological profile of penile carcinoma.
Results. A total of 114 malignant cases were included out of which most common age group involved was 50-60 years with mean age of presentation being 51.6 years. Glans was the commonest site of involvement in 59 cases (51.7%). Well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma was the most common type (71%). Forty nine patients (43%) presented when the mass size was 4-6 cm and 44 (39%) came with 2-4cm and rest less than 2 cm. Lymphvascular invasion was seen in 15 (13%) out of 114 cases and perineural invasion was seen only in 5 (4.3%) cases. 20 cases (17.5%) had lymphnodes positive which are less than 5 lymphnode positive and five (4.3%) had more than 5 lymphnodes positive.
Conclusion. Early diagnosis and intervention of the patient ensure high probability of getting cured because the stage at presentation appears to be the most vital prognostic indicator for survival.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences