Outcome of Continuous Peritoneal Dialysis in Patient with Acute Kidney Injury
Keywords:Acute Kidney Injury, Continuous Peritoneal Dialysis, Renal Replacement Therapy
Background: Though peritoneal dialysis has several limitations, it is still used in acute kidney injury (AKI) patients as an alternative method of Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT), especially in low socioeconomic countries.
Materials and Method: This study included thirty patients diagnosed as AKI. Peritoneal access was established through flexible Tenckhoff catheter for Continuous Peritoneal Dialysis (CPD) and 6-8 exchanges were done in 24 hours.
Results: Among 30 patients mean age was (mean±SD) 49.93±14.42 years. Seven (23.33%) patients were hemodynamically unstable. The cause of AKI was drug induced in 6(20.7%), hypovolemia/Acute Tubular Necrosis in 6(20.0%), sepsis in 5(16.7%), heart failure in 2(6.7%) and 11(36.7%) had multiple causes. In initial presentation, mean serum creatinine was 683.42 μmol/L, and the number of sessions required for stabilization of serum creatinine was 7.5±1.43, sessions required for correction of hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis were 2.15±0.69 and 2.5±0.76 respectively. The delivered Kt/V urea was 1.95±0.14 weekly. Six (20.0%) patients had peritonitis, five (16.7%) had pericatheter leakage and four (13.33%) had catheter blockage. Among 30 patients, three patients (10%) had died, sixteen (59.3%) had recovery of renal function and rest did not recover renal function.
Conclusion: CPD was effective for correction of metabolic and electrolyte imbalance.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences