Obstetrics Outcomes: A Comparison between Birthing Center and Conventional Labor Ward
Keywords:Birthing center, Labour ward, Obstetrics outcomes
Introduction: Birthing Centers (BC) are increasingly accepted worldwide as an alternate low cost place of birth. The concept is especially relevant for developing countries with limited resources and constraints regarding availability of specialists and hospital beds. The various studies have concluded that when proper risk analyses are conducted and referral rules followed, there is no evidence of increased maternal or perinatal risk at BC compared to standard hospital deliveries.
Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, observational and comparative hospital based study done at Paropakar Maternity and Women’s Hospital (PMWH),Kathmandu. The study was conducted on pregnant women without any known risk factors for complications who were admitted in BC and labor ward (LW) for delivery. Details on mode of delivery, genital tract status, Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and neonatal outcomes were collected. Descriptive data analysis was done using SPSS.
Results: Out of 5132 deliveries, 25.3% had no known risk factor and hence were eligible for study; no statistically significant difference was observed between BC & LW in relation to mode of delivery, perineal trauma, PPH and neonatal outcomes; however, practice of episiotomy was significantly less frequent in BC.
Conclusion: When proper risk analyses are conducted and referral rules followed, there is no evidence of adverse obstetrics outcome at BC as compared to standard hospital deliveries. Triaging of low risk pregnancy to a BC is a viable strategy, especially in a resource poor country. This lessens the burden in standard maternity unit so that specialists will be able to provide a quality care to high risk pregnancies.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences