A Comparative Study: Is Misoprostol as Effective as Oxytocin in Active Management of Third Stage of Labor?
Keywords:Misoprostol, oxytocin, postpartum hemorrhage
Background: The third stage of labor is that period from birth of the infant until the delivery of the placenta. Active management of the third stage of labor plays an important role in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. Oxytocin is an effective drug in preventing postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) however; it requires a controlled environment and intramuscular administration. Misoprostol is an orally active uterotonic agent,stable at room temperature.The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of misoprostol with oxytocin in active management of third stage of labor.
Materials and Methods: This was a hospital based study carried out in Paropakar Maternity and Women Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal during six months period from February 2012 to July 2012. One hundred patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were recruited to receive either 10 unit of IM oxytocin or 600 mcg of oral misoprostol for the management of the third stage of labor.
Results: The mean blood loss in misoprostol and oxytocin group was 209±76.7ml and 197±68.8 ml respectively with p value-0.41 which was insignificant. Similarly mean hemoglobin change was also not significant. The additional uterotonics needed in misoprostol was higher (9 cases) than that in oxytocin (5 cases) but it was also not significant. Shivering and fever were significantly high among misoprostol group than in oxytocin group.
Conclusion: Efficacy of oxytocin and misoprostol is equal in active management of third stage of labor.
© Medical Journal of Pokhara Academy of Health Sciences