Peri-Operative Morbidity and Outcomes of Radical Cystectomy- Institutional Experience of Single Center

  • Amit Mani Upadhyay Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Exhibition Road, Kathmandu
  • Ashok Kumar Kunwar Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Manik Lama Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Kabir Tiwari Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Sanjesh Bhakta Shrestha Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Anil K. Shah Department of General Surgery, Phect-Nepal/Kathmandu Model Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Bishnu Dutta Poudel Department of Medical Oncology, NAMS, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu
  • Kapendra Shekhar Amatya Department of Surgical Oncology, Nepal Cancer Hospital, Lalitpur
Keywords: Ileal Conduit, Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer, Neo-bladder, Perioperative Morbidity, Radical Cystectomy

Abstract

Introduction: The incidence of urinary bladder carcinoma increases distinctly with increasing age. Radicalcystectomy has been the gold standard for the treatment of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer or recurrent high-grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Our study aimed to see the peri-operative morbidity and surgical outcomes of the patient who had undergone radical cystectomy in our low volume center.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the inpatient charts as well as the outpatient records of 10 patients who had undergone radical cystectomy performed in our center for 9 years. A review of the literature on perioperativemorbidity of radical cystectomy was also done using the combination of keywords like mortality, complications, and outcomes of surgery.

Results: Age of the patients ranged from 40-80 years. Eight of them were male and two were female. Painlesshematuria (70%) was the commonest presenting symptom, 80% of them were smokers. Three patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Nine patients had radical cystectomy with an ileal conduit, whereas one patient hadradical cystectomy with orthotropic neo-bladder. In postoperative complications, five patients had Clavien-Dindograde I, three patients had grade II, one patient had grade IIIB and one patient had grade V complications. Two years of cancer-free survival was 90% and five years of cancer-free survival was 50%.

Conclusions: Radical cystectomy with ileal conduit was still the choice of surgery in muscle-invasive and recurrent high-grade non-muscle invasive bladder cancer.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
65
pdf
23
Published
2020-10-08
How to Cite
Upadhyay, A., Kunwar, A., Lama, M., Tiwari, K., Shrestha, S., Shah, A., Poudel, B., & Amatya, K. (2020). Peri-Operative Morbidity and Outcomes of Radical Cystectomy- Institutional Experience of Single Center. Nepalese Journal of Cancer, 4(1), 107-113. https://doi.org/10.3126/njc.v4i1.31860
Section
Original Articles