Incidence of Symptomatic Internal Hernia following Minimal Invasive colorectal surgery: A Single Center Experience

Authors

  • Rajiv Nakarmi Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2205-1784
  • Tian Yu-Feng Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan City, Taiwan
  • Khaa-Hoo Ong Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan City, Taiwan
  • Muza Shrestha Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Sundar Maharjan Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Suman Bikram Adhikari Chhetri Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nmcj.v23i3.40377

Keywords:

Minimal invasive colorectal surgery, internal hernia, laparoscopy

Abstract

Laparoscopy has been adopted in the surgical specialties and colorectal surgery for treatment of benign and malignant diseases. Recent reviews suggest that the incidence of symptomatic internal hernias after laparoscopic colorectal resection is from 0.39 to 0.65%. Unlike in open surgery, laparoscopic closure of a mesenteric defect is inherently challenging as inadvertent injury to the marginal vessels may compromise blood supply to the anastomosis. For these reasons, many surgeons leave the defect open during laparoscopic surgery. But this may lead to development of post-operative internal hernia through the defect. This is a retrospective study where we included 149 patients who underwent laparoscopic/ robotic colorectal surgeries from March 2019 to March 2020. Data pertaining for following variables were collected which included age, sex, indication for surgery, location of the pathology, splenic flexure mobilization. The incidence of internal hernia among these patients were calculated and assessed using SPSS 20. Incidence of internal hernia was found to be 0.67% which was diagnosed and treated on the 18th post-operative day of initial surgery. Internal hernia is a rare but important complication of laparoscopic/robotic colorectal surgery with a high mortality rate if not diagnosed early. Defect closure is still controversial during the initial surgery and probably not indicated for all patients and depends on surgeon’s preference.

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Author Biographies

Rajiv Nakarmi, Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Junior Consultant, Department of General and GI Laparoscopic Surgery

Muza Shrestha, Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of General and GI Laparoscopic Surgery

Sundar Maharjan, Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of General and GI Laparoscopic Surgery

Suman Bikram Adhikari Chhetri, Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Swoyambhu, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of General and GI Laparoscopic Surgery

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Published

2021-10-17

How to Cite

Nakarmi, R., Yu-Feng, T., Ong, K.-H., Shrestha, M., Maharjan, S., & Chhetri, S. B. A. (2021). Incidence of Symptomatic Internal Hernia following Minimal Invasive colorectal surgery: A Single Center Experience. Nepal Medical College Journal, 23(3), 204–209. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmcj.v23i3.40377

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Section

Original Articles