Correlation of American College of Radiology (ACR)-Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) findings in Ultrasonogram (USG) of thyroid nodules with FNAC or Biopsy findings

Authors

  • Abhushan Siddhi Tuladhar Associate Professor, Department of Radiology and Imaging, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Gokarneshwor-8, Kathmandu https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3390-7277
  • Sujata Pudasaini Department of Pathology, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Gokarneshwor-8, Kathmandu
  • Sumarg Simkhada Department of Radiology and Imaging, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Gokarneshwor-8, Kathmandu
  • Amit Shrestha Department of Radiology and Imaging, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Gokarneshwor-8, Kathmandu
  • Sunil Pradhan Department of Radiology and Imaging, Nepal Medical College Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Gokarneshwor-8, Kathmandu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nmcj.v24i1.44105

Keywords:

ACR-TIRADS, biopsy, FNAC, nodule, thyroid gland, ultrasonography

Abstract

Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) classifies the different ultrasound patterns of thyroid nodule into different TIRADS classes based on their malignant potential. And ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is considered the most accurate method to evaluate thyroid malignancy. A prospective study was carried out during 2020 - 2021 in the Department of Radiology & Imaging of Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Attarkhel, Jorpati, Kathmandu, Nepal, in which a total of 115 patients underwent ultrasonography of the lesions in one or both lobes or isthmus of the thyroid gland. The patients underwent FNAC or biopsy for these thyroid lesions. This study was carried out to correlate ACR-TIRADS findings in USG of thyroid nodules with FNAC or Biopsy findings. The ages of the patients ranged between 13 years to 77 years, with 72 female patients and 43 male patients. Different varieties of USG features were found in all the different categories of the ACR-TIRADS scoring system. Of total 115 nodules, maximum cases were in TR 3 (33.0%), followed by TR 2 (28.7%), TR 4 (18.3%), TR 1 (13.9%) and TR 5 (6.1%). Cytopathological reports revealed 75.6% of cases to be non-neoplastic. Among neoplastic lesions, 14 (12.2%) were of the indeterminate type of lesions and 14 (12.2%) were malignant nodules. Colloid goiter constituted the majority of non-neoplastic thyroid nodules (39.9%) and papillary carcinoma constituted 8.6% of the cases. The risk of malignancy was 0% for TR 1 and TR2 nodules, 7.9% for TR 3 nodules, 23.9% for TR 4 nodules, and 85.7% for TR 5 nodules. TIRADS score and cytopathological findings correlated well for TR 1, TR 2, and TR 5 lesions but showed less agreement for TR 3 and TR 4 nodules. This might be because of the overlap of USG characteristics between benign and malignant thyroid nodules.

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Published

2022-04-04

How to Cite

Tuladhar, A. S., Pudasaini, S., Simkhada, S., Shrestha, A., & Pradhan, S. (2022). Correlation of American College of Radiology (ACR)-Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TIRADS) findings in Ultrasonogram (USG) of thyroid nodules with FNAC or Biopsy findings. Nepal Medical College Journal, 24(1), 23–29. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmcj.v24i1.44105

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Original Articles