Use of Low Dose Pregabalin for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response to Laryngoscopy and Intubation in Treated Hypertensive Patients

  • Puja Thapa Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1431-7773
  • Sunita Panta Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Mallika Rayamajhi Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Santosh Khadka Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Bishwo Ram Amatya Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Ashish Shah Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Thanesore Rizal Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
  • Bhuwan Raj Kunwar Department of Anesthesiology , NAIHS
Keywords: Induction; Premedication; Pressure response

Abstract

Introduction: Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation are two powerful noxious stimuli that can be potentially deleterious especially in hypertensive patients. This study evaluated the efficacy of low dose oral pregabalin used as a premedication for attenuation of this marked sympathetic response of airway instrumentation.
Materials and Methods: This was a double-blind randomised study done at a tertiary level referral hospital. The trial was registered as UMIN-000037103 (https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/). Patients were randomly assigned into two groups. Placebo arm received multivitamin capsule and treatment arm received Cap. Pregabalin (75 mg), 60 minutes before the induction of general anesthesia. The level of preoperative sedation was assessed with the Ramsay Sedation Scale. Heart rate, systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure were monitored and recorded before and during induction, during laryngoscopy and 1, 3 and 5 minutes of intubation.
Results: A total of 50 patients, 25 in each arm were enrolled. The baseline characteristics were comparable. SBP was significantly lower in the Pregabalin group than in Placebo at all the periods of recording, however, DBP and MAP decreased significantly during, after 1 and 3 minutes of laryngoscopy (p=0.001). Sedation was significantly better in the Pregabalin group with 86% in RSS 3 compared to 80% of a placebo arm in RSS2 (P <0.001).
Conclusions: Premedication with a single oral dose of Pregabalin (75 mg) is effective for sedation and attenuation of hemodynamic response to direct laryngoscopy and endotracheal intubation in controlled hypertensive patients without any side effects.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
49
PDF
17

Author Biography

Puja Thapa, Nepalese Army Institute of Health Sciences, Kathmandu, Nepal

Assistant Professor; Department of Anesthesiology and Critical care 

Published
2019-12-15
How to Cite
Thapa, P., Panta, S., Rayamajhi, M., Khadka, S., Amatya, B., Shah, A., Rizal, T., & Kunwar, B. (2019). Use of Low Dose Pregabalin for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Response to Laryngoscopy and Intubation in Treated Hypertensive Patients. Nepalese Medical Journal, 2(2), 215-219. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmj.v2i2.25715
Section
Original Articles