Outcomes of Retrograde Intra-Renal Surgery

Keywords: Flexible ureteroscopy, Holmium laser, Renal calculus


Introduction: Miniaturization of endoscopic instruments has gained wide popularity in the treatment of renal calculi. Retrograde intra-renal surgery and holmium laser in combination has already proven its superiority when compared to other modalities in the treatment of renal calculi. This study was conducted to assess the outcome of retrograde intra-renal surgery in renal stone disease.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study analyzed the outcome of retrograde intra-renal surgery in renal stone less than 2 cm size in the adults above 18 years of age from September 2018 to August 2019 at Patan Hospital, Nepal. The outcome was assessed descriptively on postoperative pain and fever, stone localization, stone size, stone clearance, urosepsis, operative time, hospital stay, mortality, need of the second procedure.
Results: A total of 62 patients underwent retrograde intrarenal surgery, out of which 48 cases were included. The mean age of the study population was 32.4± 14 years (19-68 years). Similarly, the mean operative time was 68± 12 (48-124 minutes) and mean hospital-stay was 3.2± 1.1 days. Postoperative pain and fever were observed in 14 (29.16%) & 4(8.33%) patients respectively. Hematuria occurred in 6(12.50%) and urosepsis in 2(4.16%) of the patients. Complete stone clearance was achieved in 34(70.83%) and residual stones were present in 8(16.66%) and clinically insignificant radiological fragments were present in 6(12.50%) patients.
Conclusions: Retrograde intrarenal surgery is a technically safe and effective procedure for the treatment of renal calculi, with minimal post-surgical morbidity.


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Author Biography

Samir Shrestha, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Lagankhel, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Surgery

How to Cite
Shrestha, S., & Maskey, P. (2019). Outcomes of Retrograde Intra-Renal Surgery. Nepalese Medical Journal, 2(2), 220-223. https://doi.org/10.3126/nmj.v2i2.26478
Original Articles