Urbanization and Carbon Emission in South Asia
Keywords:Urbanization, Carbon Emission, Urbanization Kuznets’ Curve
Background: Rapid urbanization in South Asia has led to increased energy consumption, transportation, and construction of new infrastructure, resulting in high carbon emissions. South Asia is the world's fastest urbanizing region, and its carbon emissions are influenced by the building industry, which accounts for more than 30% of the region's energy-related carbon emissions. This issue poses a serious policy concern as South Asia is vulnerable to the impact of carbon emissions and climate change. The relationship between urbanization and carbon emissions in South Asia is the concern of this paper.
Objective: To analyze the relationship between urbanization and carbon emissions in South Asia and to test the validity of urbanization Kuznets' curve for the region.
Method: Modified version of the Influence, Population, Affluence, and Technology (IPAT) model framework is used to study the relationship between carbon emissions and urbanization in South Asia. The data spans from 1970-2019.
Results: The study finds a significant positive relationship between carbon emissions and urbanization, population, and population structure. The existence of Urbanization in Kuznets’ Curve for South Asia is proved.
Implication: The positive relationship between carbon emissions and urbanization poses a major policy challenge in South Asia. With increasing population and economic growth, sustainable urbanization must be a top priority for policymakers in order to mitigate the effects of climate change.
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