Antibiogram and Biofilm Development among Klebsiella pneumoniae from Clinical Isolates

Authors

  • Subash Paudel Department of Microbiology, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Nepal
  • Prashanna Adhikari Department of Microbiology, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Nepal
  • Sanjay Singh K.C. Department of Microbiology, Sahid Gangalal National Heart Center, Nepal
  • Upendra Thapa Shrestha Central Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal
  • Pradeep Kumar Shah Department of Microbiology, Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/tujm.v8i1.41198

Keywords:

Klebsiella pneumoniae, multidrug resistance, biofilm, antibiotic sysceptibility test, Nepal

Abstract

Objectives: This study was aimed to evaluate antibiotic resistance pattern and biofilm formation in K. pneumoniae strains isolated from different clinical specimens and to study on association of drug resistance pattern with biofilm formation.

Methods: A total of 944 clinical samples from patients attending Sahid Gangalal National Heart Center were processed from September 2019 to March 2020 to identify possible bacterial pathogens following standard microbiological procedures. K. pneumonaie isolates were further subjected to antibiotic susceptibility testing using modified Kirby Bauer disc diffusion technique. Biofilm formation was evaluated by tissue culture plate technique.

Results: Of the total 944 samples, 15.47% (146) samples showed bacterial growth, among which 23.97% (35) were K. pneumoniae. Out of 35 K. pneumoniae isolates, 45.71% (16) were multidrug-resistant and 42.86% (15) were extensively drug-resistant. Sixty percent (21) of K. pneumoniae feebly produced biofilm. Significant association was observed between biofilm production and exhibition of multidrug resistance (p value<0.05).

Conclusion: Prevalence of antibiotics resistant K. pneumoniae in hospital setting is high and alarming. Significant association between drug resistance pattern and biofilm production implicates need of an immediate response to limit growth and spread of drug resistant microbes in clinical settings.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Paudel, S., Adhikari, P., K.C., S. S., Shrestha, U. T., & Shah, P. K. (2021). Antibiogram and Biofilm Development among Klebsiella pneumoniae from Clinical Isolates. Tribhuvan University Journal of Microbiology, 8(1), 83–92. https://doi.org/10.3126/tujm.v8i1.41198

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