Experience of Violence due to COVID-19 among Returnee Migrants of Far-Western Province of Nepal

Authors

  • Ramesh Adhikari Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal Center for Research on Education, Health and Social Science, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Bidur Bastola Center for Research on Education, Health and Social Science, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Unnata Timalsina Center for Research on Education, Health and Social Science, Kathmandu Nepal
  • Ranju K.C. Center for Research on Education, Health and Social Science, Kathmandu Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/tvet.v1i16.45189

Keywords:

COVID-19, Violence, Returnee migrants

Abstract

Migration has been a main pillar of the nation as well as the household economy of Nepal. However, COVID-19 has caused stigma and discrimination and increased risks of violence, disrupting GBV prevention and response mechanisms. The objectives of the study are to examine the prevalence and determinants of experience of violence due to COVID-19 among returnee migrants of the Far-western province of Nepal. Data for this survey were collected through a cross-sectional research design using quantitative methods in the Far-western province of Nepal. A total of 1182 respondents were surveyed to gather quantitative information. Univariate, Bivariate and multivariate analyses were applied to data. In addition, multivariable analysis was used to identify whether independent variables affected the risk of Gender-Based Violence. An overwhelming majority of returnee migrants were male (94.2%), while about 6 percent were female. One-third of respondents were youth aged below 25 years. Thirty-two percent of them had primary or below education. Eighteen percent of returnee migrants do not have food sufficient for a month in their household. Three in five returnee migrants (60%) reported that they had experienced violence. Multivariate analysis shows that female migrants were more likely to experience violence (aOR=2.1, 95% CI=1.02-4.3) than male migrants. Older age migrants were more likely to experience violence than younger migrants aged below 20. Migrants from poor households were more likely to experience violence (aOR=4.5, 95% CI= 3.1-6.7) than rich households. Physically disabled migrants were 4 times more likely (aOR=4.5, 95% CI= 2.6-7.5) than those who are not disabled. Experience of violence is very high among returnee migrants of Sudurpashchim province of Nepal. Our study found that female migrants, physically disabled migrants, who had elderly in their houses, and migrants from poor households were more likely to experience violence. Therefore, there is a need for a comprehensive awareness program and services that can help to prevent violence among returnee migrants.

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Published

2022-05-19

How to Cite

Adhikari, R., Bastola, B., Timalsina, U., & K.C., R. (2022). Experience of Violence due to COVID-19 among Returnee Migrants of Far-Western Province of Nepal. Journal of Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 1(16), 72–84. https://doi.org/10.3126/tvet.v1i16.45189

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Section

Articles