Residue Management and Nutrient Dynamics in Conservation Agriculture: A Review

Authors

  • Sangita Kaduwal National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Tika Bahadur Karki National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Reshama Neupane National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Rajendra Kumar Battarai National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bhimsen Chaulagain National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Prakash Ghimire Institute of Agriculture and Animal Sciences, Paklihawa, Tribhuwan University, Nepal
  • Pankaj Gyawaly National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Ramesh Acharya Directorate of Agricultural Research, Lumle, Kaski, Nepal
  • Prakash Paneru National Soil Science Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Chetan Gyawali National Rice Research Program, Hardinath, Dhanusha, Nepal
  • Soni Kumari Das National Agronomy Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62169

Keywords:

conservation tillage, residue retention, mineralization, nutrient, dynamics

Abstract

Conservation tillage significantly influence the physico-chemical properties of soil that makes microclimate conducive for crop growth and productivity. The use of chemical fertilizers alone to sustain high crop yield has not been successful due to its effects on soil acidity, nutrient leaching, degradation of soil’s physical properties and organic matter. Higher levels of soil organic carbon, microbial biomass of carbon and nitrogen, nitrogen mineralization, total nitrogen and extractable phosphorus are directly related to crop residues under conservation tillage management. Conservation agriculture (minimum or no tillage with residue retention and crop rotation) practices has potential for increasing the nutrient supply to crops through changes in the mineralization and immobilization of nutrients by microbial biomass and provide an eco-protective environment for sustainable production. Conservation agriculture reduces nutrient percolation/leaching from the soil profile, can redistribute the soil profiles thus affects nutrient supply, and its storage. Entire soil-plant continuum changes after the conversion from conventional agriculture to conservation agriculture. The review therefore highlights the nutrient dynamics under crop residue management with no or minimum tillage.

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Published

2023-07-10

How to Cite

Kaduwal, S., Karki, T. B., Neupane, R., Battarai, R. K., Chaulagain, B., Ghimire, P., Gyawaly, P., Acharya, R., Paneru, P., Gyawali, C., & Das, S. K. (2023). Residue Management and Nutrient Dynamics in Conservation Agriculture: A Review. Agronomy Journal of Nepal, 7, 139–148. https://doi.org/10.3126/ajn.v7i1.62169

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