Afno Manchhe: Unequal Access to Public Resources and Institutions in Nepal


  • Madhusudan Subedi Administrator of NepJOL



Afno Manchhe, Guanxi, Corruption, Nepotism


This paper highlights the informal inner circle network approach to maintaining relationships and reciprocating favors within a system that significantly affect the performance of incumbents in formal bureaucratic organizations. While this is a general sociological problem in any society, this article deals with how afno manchhe behavior is manifested in Nepal. Without afno manchhe relations, one risks marginalization, disappointments and failures in one's struggle to realize important goals in life. In such a situation, the malfunctioning of administration and dissatisfaction arise at every level. There is thus a significant relationship between one's position in afno manchhe networks and inclusion-exclusion processes. This of course has consequences for the widespread practice of corruption in Nepal.


Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 8, 2014; 55-86


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Author Biography

Madhusudan Subedi, Administrator of NepJOL

Subedi, Madhusudan has been teaching at the Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University since 1996. He is Associate Professor of Patan Academy of Health Sciences (PAHS), an autonomous and not for profit health science university dedicated to improve the health status of the people of Nepal by producing doctors who are willing and able to provide health care to disadvantaged Nepalese living in rural area. Mr. Subedi holds an MA in Sociology from TU (1992) and M.Phil. in Social Anthropology from University of Bergen, Norway (2000). He has received intensive training course on ‘Primary Health Care’, ‘Qualitative Research in Health’, ‘Field Trail’, ‘Ethics in Health Research’ and ‘Survey Research Techniques’. Mr. Subedi has authored a book ‘Medical Anthropology of Nepal (2001)’, co-authored ‘Role of Natural Products in Resource Management, Poverty Alleviation and Good Governance: A Case Study of Jatamasi and Wintergreen Value Chains in Nepal (2006)’, and has published more than 20 articles in different academic journals. His areas of interests include Social Medicine, Pharmaceutical Anthropology, Indigenous Knowledge, Social Safeguard, Accountability, Inequalities in Education and Governance.




How to Cite

Subedi, M. (2014). Afno Manchhe: Unequal Access to Public Resources and Institutions in Nepal. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 8, 55–86.