A Review of Simarongarh’s History on Its Nexus Areas with References of Archaeological Evidences

Keywords: Videha, Tirhat, Mithila, labyrinth fort, Paleolithic, Neolithic, Mesolithic, terracotta


After the Lichachhavi period, Nepal was bounded within the Kathmandu valley only. Sinja emerged as a powerful state in the west of Nepal. Likewise, Karnata dynasty became strong and powerful to the south of Nepal in the beginning of 10th and 11th century A. D. They were so strong and powerful that they attacked Kathmandu valley several times and plundered for the sake of wealth. So Simraongarh was once an important medieval kingdom of Nepal. It was established by Karnata dynasty Nanyadev in 1097 A. D. After capturing Mithila, Nanyadev began to rule it from Simraongarh. He has been credited in the records for the unification of Tirhut. Under the Karnatas Tirhut had developed on economic, social and cultural which was also known as golden age. They ruled over Mithila for about 227 years and after that Gayasuddin Tuglak conquered. Muslims ruled about three hundred years, and then it came under Sens of Makawanpur. Lohang Sen had extended his territories up to Vijayapur. When Prithivi Narayan Shah conquered Makawanpur in 1762 A. D. all part of eastern Terai including Tirhut or Mithila became integral part of Nepal. After the Anglo Nepal war in 1814 - 16 A.D., Nepal lost some parts of eastern Terai, it came again under its jurisdiction in Sugauli Treaty of 1816 A.D. But now people seem to forget Simarongarh which was once so rich and highly developed. Therefore, the objective of this article is not only to remind of its glorious past history but also to prove how important this area through archaeological findings.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Prakash Darnal, Former chief of National Museum, Chauni of Nepal

Darnal, Prakash (Orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0002- 0927-1574) is archaeologist, former chief of National Museum, Chauni of Nepal. His research focuses on field archaeology, art, monument and culture. He had carried out excavation at Khoksar (Saptari), Dhangadhi, Vidhyapatigadh (Siraha), Manimandap (Dhanusha), Devdaha, Bhawanipur (Rupandehi), Shreekot (Acham) and Surkhet (Katkuwa). He has published hundred of articles in Nepali and English in Journals of Nepalese Studies, Ancient Nepal, The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post, Rolamba, Garima, Madhuparka, Gorkhapatra, Pragya etc. A book, "Hamro Sanskritik Dharoharharu” published in B.S. 2073. He has presented his paper in Annual Conference of H.N.B. Garwal University Srinagar in 1997, SAARC International Conference on Archaeology of Buddhism at Colombo in 2012 and 5th International Congress of Society of South Asian Archaeology, 2014 in Raipur, India. He earned Master of Arts in History from Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur. He was under secretary in Nepal Government’s civil service. He got Post Graduate Diploma in Archaeology from Institute of Archaeology (Archaeological Survey of India) New Delhi in 1996-98 AD. He has visited India, China, Sri Lanka and Germany.

How to Cite
Darnal, P. (2018). A Review of Simarongarh’s History on Its Nexus Areas with References of Archaeological Evidences. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 12, 18-26. https://doi.org/10.3126/dsaj.v12i0.22176