To Go to Work or Stay at Home for Better Conjugal Relations? Reflection from Married Women of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal




empowerment, marital adjustment, Nepal, working status


Marital adjustment implicates both the family and professional life of women. It has, however, not received adequate research attention in Nepal. This paper assesses the marital adjustment of working women and housewives in Kathmandu, Nepal, using the Marital Adjustment Inventory developed by Kumar and Rohatgi (1976). Data are collected using face-to-face interviews with 270 women selected through purposive-cluster sampling. The data were analyzed using descriptive and bi-variate level inferential statistics. Most respondents were well-educated young Newa community women living in joint families. Married women of Kathmandu Valley enjoy fairly well-adjusted conjugal union, with even better adjustment of working women since their earnings act as power. The bi-variate level test indicated a significantly associated between age at marriage, working status, monthly income, and type of family with marital adjustment. However, the prevailing scholarship indicates that factors affecting marital adjustment are not universal. Rather, they are context-specific. Working women of joint families showed higher levels of marital adjustment, indicating the strength of power (money as resources) and socio-cultural norms for family bonds for family happiness. While these findings seek policy recognition and practical translation of these elements under a wider approach to women’s empowerment and family well-being, we also recommend women go to work rather than stay at home, for a better conjugal relationship.


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Author Biographies

Rishikesh Pandey, University Grants Commission Nepal, Pokhara University, Nepal

Rishikesh Pandey, PhD ( is an Associate Professor of Geography and Environment and deputed as the Director of Quality Assurance and Accreditation, University Grants Commission, Nepal. He obtained a PhD from the University of Adelaide, Australia; an MPhil from the University of Oslo, Norway, and an MA from Tribhuvan University, Nepal. He has authored three books, six book chapters, and over two dozens of research articles in internationally recognized scientific journals.

Prabha Bhattarai, SOS Youth Care, Sanothimi

Prabha Bhattrai ( is an Assistant Director to SOS Children’s Village, Nepal and supports young people in their personal, educational and psychosocial issues. Earlier, she worked as a Case Manager in an NGO that worked with young girls and women to fight against women trafficking, sexual abuse/violence, and encourage and empower women and girls to act against gender-based violence. She holds an MPhil Degree from Pokhara University, Nepal.




How to Cite

Pandey, R., & Bhattarai, P. (2023). To Go to Work or Stay at Home for Better Conjugal Relations? Reflection from Married Women of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 17(01), 1–15.