Knowledge and Perception on Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Among the General Public in Nepal

  • Anisha Karn Chitwan Medical College, Bharatpur, Nepal
  • Mukesh Karn Nepal Health Research Council, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Aditi Agrawal Kathmandu Medical College, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Preeti Giri Save the Earth Foundation, Sunsari, Nepal
  • Gagan Bohara Nepalgunj Medical College, Nepalgunj, Nepal
  • Roshni Sharma Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
  • Hemant Adhikari Tata Trust, Mumbai, India
  • Sasmita Poudel Institute of Himalayan Risk Reduction, Lalitpur, Nepal
Keywords: Knowledge, Perception, COVID-19, general public, Nepal

Abstract

The global pandemic of COVID-19 has created havoc worldwide with its high transmission rate. The vaccine and drugs are still under trial; thus, the only option is to break the chain of transmission of disease by imparting the knowledge and designing awareness campaigns to educate people about the risks and preventive measures of COVID-19.  This study was conducted to explore the knowledge and perception on health behaviors related to prevention along with addressing several myths and practices for COVID-19. An online cross-sectional survey was carried out in the initial days of disease outbreak in Nepal. A structured questionnaire was used for the data collection and recruitment of participants was done using snowball sampling technique. A total of 358 participants from all over the country were recruited for the study. Output measures were portrayed through descriptive statistical analysis with the use of frequencies (n) and percentages (%). Most of the participants (94.1%) knew about the high-risk age group, 38.5% were unaware that SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted even from objects. Participants had better knowledge on modes of transmission of disease (77.1%) while 49.2% thought that regular surgical mask is highly effective for the preventive measure. Findings of this study suggests that people of Nepal are required to be educated about false beliefs and misconceptions. The findings and concerns raised in the study would be beneficial to design awareness-raising campaigns tailored specifically to the need for and understanding of the Nepalese community.

Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 7, Issue-4: 183-190

Abstract
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Published
2020-10-29
How to Cite
Karn, A., Karn, M., Agrawal, A., Giri, P., Bohara, G., Sharma, R., Adhikari, H., & Poudel, S. (2020). Knowledge and Perception on Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Among the General Public in Nepal. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 7(4), 183-190. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijssm.v7i4.32475
Section
Research Articles