Production Economics and Determinants for Adoption of Commercial Vegetable Production in Kathmandu Nepal


  • Jyoti Dhungana Agribusiness Expert, Surbodaya Nepal, Lalitpur, Nepal



Binary logistic, factors, gross margin, variable cost


The vegetable sub-sector is considered a sector having high prospects of commercialization. It supports to create the job opportunities, thereby contributes to reducing the poverty rate. However, little empirical research has been done to know the benefits of commercial production and households’ behavior towards its adoption. Thus, this study seeks to assess the production economics and determinant factors of farmers for the adoption of commercial vegetable production in Kathmandu district, Nepal. In total 199 households were selected using a stratified random sampling technique. The primary data were collected from January to February 2022. The descriptive statistics, benefit-cost ratio, and binary logistic regression were applied for data analysis using SPSS. The results reveal that the gross margin and benefit-cost ratio of commercial vegetable farming were found to be NRs. 533,130/ha and 3.23 respectively, which were higher than the subsistence vegetable farming (gross margin NRs. 419, 031/ha and benefit to cost ratio 2.49). Further, the findings of binary logistic regression show that age, education of household head, experience, type of family, membership, and access to credit were significantly important determinants of commercial vegetable production. Therefore, any agricultural development programs such as financial services, business training, and encourage farmers to join into cooperatives could be instrumental for commercial vegetable farming.

Int. J. Soc. Sc. Manage. Vol. 9, Issue-3: 103-112


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How to Cite

Dhungana, J. (2022). Production Economics and Determinants for Adoption of Commercial Vegetable Production in Kathmandu Nepal. International Journal of Social Sciences and Management, 9(3), 103–112.



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