Knowledge, attitude, and practice on COVID-19 among undergraduate students of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal: An online cross-sectional survey

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jbs.v8i1.38457

Keywords:

Attitude, COVID-19, knowledge, practice, undergraduate

Abstract

Background: COVID-19, a global health crisis of the 21st century, has threatened possibly every aspect of human life. Since the pandemic is not yet over, this study was carried out among undergraduate students of a medical institute in Nepal to assess and boost their KAP status on the disease.

Material and methods: It was an online cross-sectional census survey performed among consenting undergraduate healthcare students of BPKIHS. A self-made and validated questionnaire assessing KAP on COVID-19 was prepared in Google form and distributed online among target students. The study population was 745. Both descriptive and inferential analysis of the data was performed. Student’s T-Test and one-way ANOVA were applied for which level of statistical significance was kept at p<0.05.

Results: Ninety-six students participated in a pilot-study (Cronbach α= 0.792). The response rate was 76.27%. Most participants (76.76%) were from Nepal.  The male/female ratio was 0.76. Most (59.2%) had not participated in such studies before. For 93.54%, the source of information was the internet. Assessed by questionnaire, right Knowledge (n=16) was 85.06% ± 8.81%; right Attitude (n=6) was 65.00% ± 16.16 and right Practice (n=6) was 82.88%± 8.50%. Male were more knowledgeable about the disease (p=0.011). However, females secured higher in practical aspects (p=0.000). Indian students possessed better knowledge (p=0.005) and a better attitude (p=0.033). MBBS students had better knowledge (p=0.000), but Nursing students secured higher in Practice (p=0.012). Attitude is better in the earlier years (p=0.045).

Conclusion: We assessed KAP related to COVID-19 via score among healthcare undergraduate students. Different co-factors do impact students’ overall KAP status.

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Author Biographies

KR Pandey, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Basic and Clinical Physiology

DR Panday, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutic

P Pyakurel, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Assistant Professor School of Public Health and Community Medicine

S Marahatta, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Associate Professor Department of Dermatology and Venereal Disease

SP Rimal, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Assistant Professor Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

M Dali, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Associate Professor Department of Pedodontics, College of Dental Surgery

R Gyawali, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Associate Professor Department of Orthodontics, College of Dental Surgery

Rambha Sigdel, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Assistant Professor Community Health Nursing

N Bhattarai, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Additional Professor Department of Microbiology

N Limbu, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Professor, Department of Basic and Clinical Physiology

GP Rauniar, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan, Nepal

Professor, Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutic

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Published

2021-07-16

How to Cite

Pandey, K., Panday, D., Pyakurel, P., Marahatta, S., Rimal, S., Dali, M., Gyawali, R., Sigdel, R., Bhattarai, N., Limbu, N., & Rauniar, G. (2021). Knowledge, attitude, and practice on COVID-19 among undergraduate students of B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal: An online cross-sectional survey. Journal of Biomedical Sciences, 8(1), 15–22. https://doi.org/10.3126/jbs.v8i1.38457

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Original Articles