A study of anemia among adolescent girls in eastern part of Nepal

  • Piush Kanodia Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan
  • Mukesh Bhatta Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan
  • Rupa Rajbhandari Singh Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan
  • Nisha K Bhatta Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan
  • Gauri Shankar Shah Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, B.P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Dharan
Keywords: Adolescent, anemia, prevalence

Abstract

Background & Objectives: Anemia is a global health problem. About 40% of the world's population suffers from anemia and adolescence is one of the most vulnerable age group. Hence the objective of the study was to determine prevalence and distribution of anemia among adolescent girls in eastern part of Nepal.

Materials & Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in a Government School of Dharan over a period of one year. There were total 433 participants, whose clinical and demographic profile were recorded and analyzed. Hemoglobin estimation was done by using cyanmethaemoglobin method and anemia was defined as per WHO cut-off.

Results: The overall prevalence of anemia was found to be 51.3%. Prevalence was significantly more in pre-menarche age and undernourished girls (p<0.05). However factors like diet (vegetarian/non-vegetarian), worm infestation and parental education did not have a significant impact on occurrence of anemia.

Conclusion: Anemia is the major health problem among adolescent girls in eastern part Nepal with high prevalence rate and nutrition is one of the leading causative factors for anemia.

JCMS Nepal. 2016;12(1):19-22.

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Abstract
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Published
2016-03-31
How to Cite
Kanodia, P., Bhatta, M., Singh, R., Bhatta, N., & Shah, G. (2016). A study of anemia among adolescent girls in eastern part of Nepal. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 12(1), 19-22. https://doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v12i1.14683
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Original Articles