Pattern of Major Salivary Gland Malignancy in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital
Keywords:Adenoid cystic carcinoma, Acinic cell carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid carcinoma, Parotid gland, Submandibular gland, Salivary gland tumors
Background: Salivary gland tumors represent a different variety of histological types. The definite diagnosis of type of salivary gland tumor is required for proper treatment planning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pattern of salivary gland malignancy in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in patients of malignant salivary gland tumor registered in B.P. Koirala Memorial Cancer hospital retrospectively from September 2009 to August 2012.
Results: Parotid gland was the most common sites for malignant salivary gland tumor (80%) followed by submandibular gland (20%). Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most common malignant salivary gland tumor of parotid gland and Adenoid cystic carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor of submandibu-lar gland. Male: Female ratio was 1.5:1 with age range from 12 years to 71 years. Common age group for malignant salivary gland tumor was from 50 to 60 years.
Conclusions: Parotid was the most common site whereas Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor of major salivary gland.