Comparison of Energy Efficiency Between Macro and Micro Base Stations Using Energy Saving Strategy

Authors

  • Madhu Sudan Dahal Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Tribhuvan University
  • Jagan Nath Shrestha Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Tribhuvan University
  • Shree Raj Shakya Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Engineering, Pulchowk Campus, Tribhuvan University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jie.v15i3.32021

Keywords:

Energy Efficiency, Energy Consumption, Base Stations, Measurement Energy Saving, Green Communication

Abstract

To meet the subscribers ever increasing traffic demand, micro and macro base stations are being deployed excessively. As the traffic pattern varies according to the user's behavior, the deployment of micro and macro base stations plays a vital role in saving energy while maintaining the traffic demand of the subscribers. A macro base station consumes more than double the energy than a micro base station. Due to the space and time characteristics of the traffic, the BS cannot allocate resources effectively, which results in wasting energy consumption and low energy efficiency. Therefore, energy saving through deployment of base stations play a significant role to increase the energy efficiency. In this paper, the user traffic pattern is determined and the resources needed to fulfill the traffic are analyzed and finally the deployment strategies for the base stations are formulated.

Since the base stations are fully loaded only for few hours a day, energy saving on the stations during low traffic will be significant. The energy saving schemes saved up to 18.8 % of energy in macro and 26.9 % of energy in micro BS. So, it would be more efficient to implement a heterogeneous network with more micro cells with energy saving schemes than just macro base stations.

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Published

2020-10-13

How to Cite

Dahal, M. S., Shrestha, J. N., & Shakya, S. R. (2020). Comparison of Energy Efficiency Between Macro and Micro Base Stations Using Energy Saving Strategy. Journal of the Institute of Engineering, 15(3), 83–89. https://doi.org/10.3126/jie.v15i3.32021

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Articles