Factors Associated with Pre-hospital Delay before Reperfusion Therapy in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Authors

  • Ram Chandra Kafle Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9840-8009
  • Navaraj Paudel Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal
  • Girija Shankar Jha Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal
  • Dibya Sharma Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal
  • Vijay Madhav Alurkar Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Keywords:

Chest pain, myocardial infarction, pre-hospital delay, thrombolysis

Abstract

Introduction: Cardiovascular disease remains the main cause of death in the world, and myocardial infarction represents the main contributor to this mortality. Timely restoration of myocardial blood flow with reperfusion therapy is crucial. Pre-hospital delay is a major obstacle for early reperfusion therapy and has negative impact on mortality and left ventricle function.

Methods: A prospective study was carried in cardiology unit of a medical college from August 2013 to December 2017. Cases of acute ST segment elevation myocardial infarction that have undergone thrombolysis were recruited.

Results: Out of 450 patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infection (STEMI), delayed presentation was seen in 288 (64%) for >6 hrs and 108 (24%) patients for >12 hrs. The duration from onset of symptoms to the presentation in the emergency room (pre-hospital delay) was 12.66 hrs (SD=14.19, range = 30 min to 72 hrs). The door to needle time was 54 min (SD=24) The major factors for pre-hospital delay were misinterpretation of symptoms (59%) and transportation problems (31%).

Conclusion: Misinterpretation of symptoms remain the most common cause of delayed presentation. Health education for public awareness can reduce the delay. Extension of thrombolytic therapy to district hospital and primary health center level after basic training for medical officer with checklist and collaboration in form of telemedicine with referral cardiac center may have major impact on morbidity and mortality reduction in acute STEMI patients with early reperfusion therapy.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22502/jlmc.v6i2.228

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
1111
PDF
145

Author Biographies

Ram Chandra Kafle, Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology

Navaraj Paudel, Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology

Girija Shankar Jha, Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology

Dibya Sharma, Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Assistant Professor, College of Nursing

Vijay Madhav Alurkar, Manipal College of Medical Sciences (MCOMS), Pokhara, Nepal

Professor, Department of Cardiology

Downloads

Published

2018-09-16

How to Cite

Kafle, R. C., Paudel, N., Jha, G. S., Sharma, D., & Alurkar, V. M. (2018). Factors Associated with Pre-hospital Delay before Reperfusion Therapy in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction. Journal of Lumbini Medical College, 6(2). Retrieved from https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/JLMC/article/view/23655

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles