IGF-1 and IGFBP 3 in Growth Hormone Deficiency Role of Insulin Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF Binding Protein 3 in the Diagnosis of Growth Hormone Deficiency: Changing Paradigm
Keywords:Growth hormone deficiency, Insulin like Growth Factor 1, Insulin like growth factor binding protein 3.
GH stimulation tests are widely used in the diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD), although they are associated with a high false positive rate. Serum IGF-I levels are monitored during GH replacement treatment in subjects with GH deficiency (GHD) to guide GH dose adjustment and to minimize occurrence of GHrelated side-effects. The need for reliance on provocative testing is based on evidence that the evaluation of spontaneous growth hormone (GH) secretion over 24 hours and the measurement of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels do not distinguish between normal and GHD subjects. Regarding IGF-I, it has been demonstrated that very low levels in patients highly suspected for GHD (i.e., patients with childhood-onset, severe GHD, or with multiple hypopituitarism acquired in adulthood) may be considered definitive evidence for severe GHD obviating the need for provocative tests. However, normal IGF-I levels do not rule out severe GHD and therefore adults suspected for GHD and with normal IGF-I levels must undergo a provocative test of GH secretion. We hereby review the various literatures at disposal justifying the use of IGF-1 and IGBP3 for diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency.
Data Source: We searched PUBMED and MEDLINE database for relevant articles including key words. References of each article were further reviewed for final synthesis of the manuscript.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2012;32(2):154-162
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