IGF-1 and IGFBP 3 in Growth Hormone Deficiency Role of Insulin Like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF Binding Protein 3 in the Diagnosis of Growth Hormone Deficiency: Changing Paradigm
GH stimulation tests are widely used in the diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD), although they are associated with a high false positive rate. Serum IGF-I levels are monitored during GH replacement treatment in subjects with GH deficiency (GHD) to guide GH dose adjustment and to minimize occurrence of GHrelated side-effects. The need for reliance on provocative testing is based on evidence that the evaluation of spontaneous growth hormone (GH) secretion over 24 hours and the measurement of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels do not distinguish between normal and GHD subjects. Regarding IGF-I, it has been demonstrated that very low levels in patients highly suspected for GHD (i.e., patients with childhood-onset, severe GHD, or with multiple hypopituitarism acquired in adulthood) may be considered definitive evidence for severe GHD obviating the need for provocative tests. However, normal IGF-I levels do not rule out severe GHD and therefore adults suspected for GHD and with normal IGF-I levels must undergo a provocative test of GH secretion. We hereby review the various literatures at disposal justifying the use of IGF-1 and IGBP3 for diagnosis of growth hormone deficiency.
Data Source: We searched PUBMED and MEDLINE database for relevant articles including key words. References of each article were further reviewed for final synthesis of the manuscript.
J Nepal Paediatr Soc 2012;32(2):154-162
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